Cultural Heritage focuses on the identification, documentation, and preservation/conservation of artifacts, buildings, monuments, engineering works, and sites that have value of historic, culture, aesthetic, scientific, or social significance (UNESCO-UIS 2009, p. 25). Cultural heritage institutions include:
Museums, including art museums, public art galleries, museums of human heritage, planetaria, science centres, and virtual museums. A museum can be defined as any “…permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment” (ICOM 2004).
Historic sites and buildings, including archaeological sites. Historic sites and buildings can be found in almost any setting and can range in size from a single building to works that span great distances. They may also still be in use today for a variety of purposes, including commerce, habitation, and leisure. To be included, a historic site or building should be listed in a register of places of historic significance. The Antiquities/Monuments Division of the Museums and Monuments Department maintains the register of such sites in Malawi.